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« Haute couture is like an orchestra whose conductor is Balenciaga. We other couturiers are the musicians and we follow the direction he gives.” Here are Christian Dior’s words to talk about the talent of Cristobal Balenciaga.

 

Who is Cristobal Balenciaga ?

History 

« Haute couture is like an orchestra whose conductor is Balenciaga. We other couturiers are the musicians and we follow the direction he gives.” Here are Christian Dior’s words to talk about the talent of Cristobal Balenciaga.

Sans Sebastian is the place where the story begins. In 1917 Balenciaga opened the door of his Fashion House together with his sister Lizaso. After 7 years, the collaboration has come to an end as Cristobal wanted to follow his own individual path. A path to true Balenciaga’s success. The fashion house knew how to seduce a royal clientele from his country, Spain. The war has forced designer had to leave the country. But even then, he has never stopped designing, and some iconic pieces come from that time.

The reopening of the Fashion House took place in Paris, with the presentation of his first “Haute couture” collection on August the 5th. Inspired by the traditional Spanish fashion (his origins), he created the “Infanta’s dress” which was the first big success of the Balenciaga House.

Balenciaga launched his first fragrance “Le Dix”, an elegant and floral perfume inspired by N°5 of Chanel house. This iconic perfume was a result of great collaboration with Francis Fabron, a French recognized parfumier.

Fashion Signature

Balenciaga has changed the world of fashion. His style’s signature are elegance, sophistication, and sculptural perfection. He loved to experiment. He was pushing boundaries of fashion, by seeking new design ideas, new technologies and fabrics, resulting in creation of a new fabric as the cracknyle in 1949.


Later in the 50s, designer has started to completely transform woman’s silhouette by removing waist and broadening shoulders. This ‘waist revolution’ is considered one of the most important contributions to the fashion world. Road to the international fame and recognition was steadily forming.

Cristobal Has developed a broad group of brand followers among cinema stars like  Marlène Drietrcih, Ingrid Bergam …) who fell in love with the brand.

After designing the stewardess uniform for the Air France company in 1967, he presented his last spring collection and announced his retirement. He closed all the Balenciaga’s Houses and the “haute-couture” brand stopped playing a real role in fashion for next 20 years.

In 1991, Josephus Thimister, a Dutch designer, gave a new breath to the Balenciaga brand with a collection untitled “Le Dix” referring to the first brand’s fragrance. Today the Fashion House is headed by Alexander Wang, a Chinese-American  fashion designer who creates all the collections respecting the brand’s founderand paying tribute to Cristobal Balenciaga’s fashion signature.

 

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